Nepal is one of the richest countries in the world in terms of bio-diversity due to its unique geographical position and altitude variation. The elevation of the country ranges from 60 meters above sea level to the highest point on earth, Mt. Everest at 8,848 meters, all within a distance of 150 kilometers resulting in climatic conditions from sub-tropical to arctic.
This wild variation fosters an incredible variety of ecosystems, the greatest mountain range on earth, thick tropical jungles teeming with a wealth of wildlife, thundering rivers, forested hills and frozen valleys.
Within this spectacular geography is also one of the richest cultural landscapes anywhere. The country is an assortment of ethnic groups and sub-groups who speak over 93 languages and dialects. Nepal offers an astonishing diversity of sightseeing attractions and adventure opportunities found nowhere else on earth. And you can join in the numerous annual festivals that are celebrated throughout the year in traditional style highlighting enduring customs and beliefs.
|147,181 sq. km||Nepali|
|Situated between China in the north and India in the East, West and South||Nepalese Rupee|
|Latitude: 2612' to 3027' North Longitude: 804' to 8812' East||Multiparty Democracy|
|23 million||Impean Pheasant Danfe|
|more than 103 ethnic groups and 93 spoken languages||Rhododendron Arboreum (Lali Gurans)|
|sub-tropical in low lands to arctic in higher altitudes|
Nationals of SAARC countries and China do not need visa when visiting Nepal.
Other visitors do not need visa to be in Nepal for three days. Visa must be obtained for staying over the initial period of three days. Free visa is to be given to tourists for re-entry to Nepal provided they stay at least for 15 days in the country in that visa year.
As per the rule, Indian nationals do not require visa. However, effective from October 2000, Indians travelling to Nepal by air have to show upon arrival at entry point a valid photo identity like a passport, voter's identity or an identify card issued by the Indian government. Temporary identity card with photographs issued by Nepal-based Indian diplomatic missions is considered in case of exception. Children under 10 years need not show any identification.